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On December 5, 2016, Nagpur Municipal Corporation (NMC) launched the Aapli bus service, India’s first green bus service, in Nagpur, which includes five buses that will run on ethanol biofuel.  Nitin Gadkari, the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, aims for Nagpur to be the first city to have all of its buses powered by biofuel through the addition of new green buses and the conversion of existing diesel-run buses.  During the launch event at Yeshwant Stadium, Gadkari stated the plan was to produce ethanol from molasses, rice, wheat straw, and bamboo using manufacturing facilities in each of the six districts of the Nagpur division.  Devendra Fadnavis, the Chief Minister of Maharashtra State, also attended the launch and stated that a similar model for a green bus service would be implemented in other major cities across the state.


 

On August 10, 2016, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced a $30 million expansion of the U.S.-India Partnership to Advance Clean Energy Research (PACE-R). DOE is partnered with the Indian Ministry of Science and Technology (MST), and both departments are committing $1.5 million annually over the next five years to expand research into smart grid and energy storage technology. U.S. and Indian private sectors will match the government commitments, resulting in a total of $30 million in public-private research investment over the next five years. The PACE-R initiative was originally launched in 2009 to support clean energy technology research and deployment. Since PACE-R began, the initiative has expanded to include Research, Deployment, and Access. PACE-R was originally created with three consortia focusing on solar energy, energy efficiency in buildings, and next-generation biofuels. This funding will allow for the creation of a fourth consortium focused on smart grid technology and energy storage.


 

On August 10, 2016, India's Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan spoke at a conference in New Delhi about the future of India's biofuel market. He discussed how a target five percent biodiesel blend and a ten percent ethanol blend in gasoline could increase the biofuels market from 65 billion rupees to 500 billion rupees by 2022. The Indian biofuel industry is currently trying to achieve a five percent biobased blend for both diesel and gasoline, and aims to increase the availability of domestic biofuels through the construction of multiple ethanol plants, as well as further development of biofuel infrastructure. Part of the push to increase the use of biofuels in India is driven by a desire to reduce overseas energy purchases by ten percent by 2022, which could be significantly offset by wider availability of domestic biofuels.